On a large scale the preparation and planning for a disaster, before it happened would be a primary prevention in disaster management. In the video about the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010, the primary prevention was mentioned while the narrator described the use of hand sanitizer and gloves to ensure their own safety on the scene of a disaster (Falkner, 2018). Also, we can assume that the medical staff have received immunization shots against infectious diseases which are prevalent in the Haiti prior to leaving the U.S.
The secondary prevention, during a disaster, would have measures aimed to maintaining and saving lives, and supporting victims and their health (Falkner, 2018). For example, an appropriate wound care to prevent development of a local infection. And, if the wound infection is already happening, the antibiotic treatment would be an example of the tertiary prevention of systemic infection or sepsis, as a complication. For disasters in general, the tertiary prevention would take place after an event has ceased and the interventions focus on recovery and may take months or years (Falkner, 2018). Also, in this phase the learned lessons should be reviewed and collected, in order to be considered for preparation for possible future disasters (back to primary prevention). The agencies, which would be involved in planning, creating policies and making changes to the existing policies would be Federal Emergency Management Agency, it offers the National Disaster Recovery Framework which is a
guide that enables effective recovery support to disaster-impacted States, Tribes, Territorial and local jurisdictions. It provides a flexible structure that enables disaster recovery managers to operate in a unified and collaborative manner. It also focuses on how best to restore, redevelop and revitalize the health, social, economic, natural and environmental fabric of the community and build a more resilient Nation (FEMA, n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.fema.gov/national-disaster-recovery-framework
Falkner, A. (2018). Disaster management. In Grand Canyon University web services. Community & public health: The future of health care (ch. 5). Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs427vn/community-and-public-health-the-future-of-health-care/v1.1/#/chapter/5
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