Disorders of the Veins and Arteries

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  • Week 4
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  • Assignment
  • Quiz
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Close-up view of monitor showing human heart class=

Week 4: Cardiovascular System, Part 1

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2008, over 616,000 people in the United States died of complications related to cardiovascular disorders. This accounts for approximately 25% of deaths in the United States (CDC, 2012). Cardiovascular disorders are also one of the leading causes of illness and death in the world. As an advanced practice nurse, you can help lower the prevalence of these disorders by providing patient education and preventive care services. As you diagnose and recommend care for patients, you must understand the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disorders as well as factors that increase risks.

This week you examine the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disorders. You also explore the impact of patient factors on cardiovascular disorders.

ReferenceCenters for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Heart disease facts. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/facts.htm

Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Analyze the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disorders
  • Evaluate the impact of patient factors on the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disorders
  • Analyze the relationship between hypertension and dyslipidemia to cardiovascular alterations
  • Compare the pathophysiology of chronic venous insufficiency and deep venous thrombosis
  • Evaluate the impact of patient factors on chronic venous insufficiency and deep venous thrombosis
  • Evaluate clinical considerations of chronic venous insufficiency and deep venous thrombosis
  • Understand and apply key terms, concepts, and principles related to alterations of the veins and arteries

Photo Credit: sisu/RooM/Getty Images

Learning Resources

Required Readings

Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding pathophysiology (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

 

  • Chapter 23, “Structure and Function of the Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Systems”
  • Chapter 24, “Alterations of Cardiovascular Function”
  • Chapter 25, “Alterations of Cardiovascular Function in Children”

Hammer, G. D., & McPhee, S. J. (2019). Pathophysiology of disease: An introduction to clinical medicine (8th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

 

  • Chapter 11, “Cardiovascular Disorders: Vascular Disease”

Required Media

Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012a). Alterations of cardiovascular functions PPT lecture. Baltimore, MD: Author.

 

This media presentation outlines common alterations of cardiovascular function, including disorders of the veins and arteries.

Review the animations, case studies, and review questions on the evolve textbook support link. http://evolve.elsevier.com/huether

Optional Resources

American Heart Association. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/

Million Hearts. (2012). Retrieved from http://millionhearts.hhs.gov/index.html

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/

Assignment: Disorders of the Veins and Arteries

Advanced practice nurses often treat patients with vein and artery disorders such as chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) and deep venous thrombosis (DVT). While the symptoms of both disorders are noticeable, these symptoms are sometimes mistaken for signs of other conditions, making the disorders difficult to diagnose. Nurses must examine all symptoms and rule out other potential disorders before diagnosing and prescribing treatment for patients. In this Assignment, you explore the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and clinical presentation of CVI and DVT.

To Prepare

  • Review the section “Diseases of the Veins” (pp. 598-599) in Chapter 23 of the Huether and McCance text. Identify the pathophysiology of chronic venous insufficiency and deep venous thrombosis. Consider the similarities and differences between these disorders.
  • Select a patient factor different from the one you selected in this week’s Discussion: genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, or behavior. Think about how the factor you selected might impact the pathophysiology of CVI and DVT. Reflect on how you would diagnose and prescribe treatment of these disorders for a patient based on the factor you selected.
  • Review the “Mind Maps—Dementia, Endocarditis, and Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)” media in the Week 2 Learning Resources. Use the examples in the media as a guide to construct two mind maps—one for chronic venous insufficiency and one for venous thrombosis. Consider the epidemiology and clinical presentation of both chronic venous insufficiency and deep venous thrombosis.

To Complete

Write a 2- to 3-page paper that addresses the following:

  • Compare the pathophysiology of chronic venous insufficiency and deep venous thrombosis. Describe how venous thrombosis is different from arterial thrombosis.
  • Explain how the patient factor you selected might impact the pathophysiology of CVI and DVT. Describe how you would diagnose and prescribe treatment of these disorders for a patient based on the factor you selected.
  • Construct two mind maps—one for chronic venous insufficiency and one for deep venous thrombosis. Include the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and clinical presentation, as well as the diagnosis and treatment you explained in your paper.

 

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